Wednesday, August 17, 2011

The E-Kawayan Technology

Bamboo is a plant known for its many uses. It has become the best substitute for wood in the furniture, handicraft, and construction industries, not withstanding other benefits as a source of food, biofuel, and for environmental protection. In the Philippines, natural bamboo stands are luxuriantly growing along farm boundaries, roadsides, riverbanks, backyards, and hilly areas. There are about 65 known species of bamboo found in the country but the most commercially exploited species is Bambusa bluemeana Shultez locally known as kawayan-tinik.

Kawayan is a general term for all species of bamboo in the Philippines. It regenerates fast, hence, can be harvested in three years. One mother pole can reproduce more than one shoot. It is the best substitute for wood because its strength properties are comparable with mahogany and other medium hardwood species. Likewise, bamboo and its related industries have provided income, food, and housing to over 2.2 billion people worldwide. In 2000, bamboo contributed $3.81 M to the Philippine economy.

In Region 1, the income registered amounted to P40M in 1999 from sales of bamboo poles and butts alone.


The engineered kawayan (e-kawayan) is an advanced form of bamboo products produced by shaping the round bamboo pole into slats and glued/formed together to the desired sizes.

The principle of engineered bamboo is based on the concept that logs when converted into lumber, can be designed to suit specific uses. Bamboo poles when processed into bamboo tiles can be made into various products.

The Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU) introduced the technology through the development of the Kawayan Tile Maker (KTM). The tile machine can convert kawayan poles directly into slats of different sizes of 20-30 mm width by 10 mm thickness by 20 cm to 2 m long. From the kawayan tile machine, the sawn pieces can be made directly into parquet, composites and laminated boards. The butt and middle portions of the bamboo pole, approximately 6 m, are used in producing the tiles.

There are already available technologies generated through the years and now being commercialized. These are:
  • Kawayan Technology which delves in planting material production
  • Kawayan Technology on production of poles and shoot or also called as the PoPeYe technology which stands for Pole Per Year
  • Production of e-kawayan tiles and laminates
  • Develop of e-kawayan machines

The technology features the following:
  • Design and construction of tile processing machines
  • Establish of processing plant
  • Design construction of laminated products
  • Finishing and packaging
  • New product designs for bamboo and marketing
  • Bamboo industry situationer
  • Feasibility of tiles and laminates products manufacturing
Economic and Social Benefits
  • Developed new machines for bamboo
  • Increased utilization of bamboo
  • Increased farmer's income
  • Provided employment opportunities
  • Provided new market opportunities
  • Developed new linkages with LGUs and NGOs
Equipment and Other Requirements

Kawayan Pole Maker

Power requirement - 2hp 220V

Approximate weight - 80 kg
No. of operators - 1 operator + 1 helper
Width of strips - 25 mm
Length of strips - 0.3 m to infinity
Output/day (max) - 1,150 pcs @ 25 mm x 2 mL
Area equivalent/day - 57 sqm
Work space requirement - 6 sqm
Price - $1500

Kawayan Tile Maker

Power requirement - 2hp 220V

Approximate weight - 90 kg

Machine Dimension - 1 m x 1.5 m x 1.5 m
No. of operators - 1 Thickness of strips - 10 mm
Length of strips - 0.3 m to infinity

Output/day (max) - 741 pcs @ 25 mm x 10 mm T x 2 mL

Area equivalent/day - 37 sqm
Work space requirement - 4 sqm
Price - $2500

Bamboo Pole Cutter

Daily max output - 400 cuts

Power requirement - 1hp 220 V
Approximate weight - 60 kg
Machine dimension - 1.5 x 0.75 x 1.5 m
Space requirement - 9 sqm
Price - $750

For more information, please contact:
The Consortium Director Ilocos Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium (ILARRDEC)
Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU)
Batac, Ilocos Norte
Tel (077) 792-3402 / 792-3688

Fax (077) 792-3699 / 792-3187 / 792-3191 / 792-2547


Dr. Patricio S. Faylon
Executive Director
PCARRD, Los, BaƱos, Laguna
Tel (049) 536-0014 to 20; 536-5907

Fax (049) 536-0016/536-7922




Monday, August 15, 2011

How to Start a Glass Recycling Business

Glass never wears out -- it can be recycled over and over again. Most bottles and jars contain at least 25% recycled glass. This article will show you how to start a glass recycling business.

For every business there is always the planning stage. Know the business fully well. Invest in trainings, buy books, and talk to people who know this industry better than you. Know your options and most especially do you have enough funds for this kind of business. If you think that you do then I don’t think that you can not succeed in this kind of business venture. There is a saying that there is money from wastes. This is so true. Empty glass or jars are categorized as trash and recycling glass is one profitable business venture you may to try to invest in. You can start by recycling glass bottles or jars.

Glass bottles are classified as non biodegradable so it will stay in its present condition for millions of years in the landfills.
Instead of throwing them where it will just take so much space in our mother earth why not start a business that collects, clean and resell the glass bottles or jars. You can offer the cleansed recycle bottles to those who are making home made jams or you can also search the web for possible customers who are interested in purchasing recycled glass.

You may also consider doing glass aggregates. This is made from recycled glass. You need to invest in machines that produce glass aggregates. There are machines that can fit in to your empty space at home such as your garage or you may also want to invest in a bigger machine but you will enough space for this. Glass aggregates are being used in the making of concrete pavers, terrazzo floorings, tiles for countertops and the likes. This is a lucrative business as this is the latest in the construction industry nowadays. It also used in landscaping, for aquariums and fire pits. Indeed there is a big demand for recycled glass.

You may also want to branch out in making stained glasses out of recycled glass. Stained glass windows look very attractive. There are also several crafts that you can make out of stained glass like picture frames. Materials that you will need in making any crafts out of the recycled glass are glass cutter, emery paper, glass grinder, pliers, and paints.
There are several other businesses you can come up with once you are well versed in the glass recycling business. For the meantime focused on just one and try to master it before jumping into another one.

Glass Facts:
  • Over a ton of resources is saved for every ton of glass recycled -- 1,330 pounds of sand, 433 pounds of soda ash, 433 pounds of limestone, and 151 pounds of feldspar.
  • Producing a ton of glass from 100% raw materials creates 384 pounds of mining waste. Using 50% recycled glass cuts this waste by about 75%.
  • Recycling glass reduces air pollution by 14-20% and saves 25-32% more energy than making glass from virgin raw materials.
  • Recycling one glass bottle saves enough electricity to light a 100-watt bulb for four hours.
  • Glass containers were recycled at a rate of 38% in 1996.
source:;; photo

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